Arts and Crafts Interiors. The Arts and Crafts movement began in the late 19th century. It was brought about by the thoughts of John Ruskin and William Crane who supported social reform. They believed that good design was linked to a good society. Their thinking influenced designer William Morris. An exterior photo of his home The Red House was shown in last Monday’s post on Arts and Crafts exteriors.
Arts and Crafts Interiors
Everything in The Red House was handcrafted. A beautiful wooden settle (bench) sits in the main hall. The lovely artwork is painted on the top by Edward Burne-Jones. Burne-Jones also helped Morris in the creation of several stained glass pieces throughout the home.
The flooring was red tile and Morris favored built in cupboards in every room. Morris believed that the hearth is truly the heart of the home and that is why you often find fireplaces in almost every room of an Arts & Crafts styled home.
All the furniture in The Red House was beautifully handcrafted of wood. Upholstery was either made of leather or featured tapestry inspired patterns designed by Morris. Here are a few examples:
The Gamble House
What makes The Gamble House in Pasadena such a masterpiece is that it was built and furnished completely in the Arts and Crafts Style, and never again updated. Although central heat and air were later added, the decor and style of the home never changed. Talk about built to last!
This is the main staircase near the front entry. All woodwork in the home was done by the Hall brothers, Peter and John.
Even the original lighting exists. It was never updated and provides a lovely warm glow throughout the home.
In the main dining room, you see the Arts and Crafts influence in the built-in cupboards, the hearth, beautiful stained glass and a Morris-inspired carpet.
The kitchen was lovely in its simplicity. To the rear left was a small sunroom where the household staff would take their meals.
One of my favorite rooms was that of maiden Aunt Julia. Her room was awash in natural light and attached to a sleeping porch.
While much of the furniture in the Gamble home was crafted by the Hall brothers, other pieces were purchased from Gustav Stickley. Stickley made furniture of native oak that featured exposed joinery and clean lines. It came to be known as Mission Styled Furniture. Stickley also published The Craftsman, a monthly periodical which covered elements of the English and American Arts and Crafts movement. Stickley furniture is still made today and antique pieces such as the Morris chair below can run several thousand dollars.
Also in the Gamble home were several Tiffany lamps. Louis Comfort Tiffany came from the famous silver making family. While traveling to Europe he became friends with Emile Galle. Upon his return to the states, he turned his focus to creating his now-famous handmade stained glass lamps. His father, Charles Lewis Tiffany, of course, continued making silver. Tiffany lamps became synonymous with Arts & Crafts style. I absolutely love his blue dragonfly lamp.