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Monday, September 7, 2015

Britain’s Longest Reigning Monarch-Queen Elizabeth

This Wednesday on September 9, 2015 Queen Elizabeth will become Britain’s longest reigning monarch.

The Diamond Diadem was created in 1821 for King George IV. The stately crown has roses, thistles and shamrocks which are symbols of England, Scotland and Ireland.:

She will surpass the record held by her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, who reigned 63 years, 7 months and 3 days.

“Queen Victoria” by George Hayter, 1860

It is interesting to consider that like Queen Elizabeth when Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent was born she was not the daughter of the first son in line to the throne. Queen Victoria’s father, Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, was the fourth son of King George III.

She came to the throne at age 18 in 1838 after the death of her uncle King William IV. She ruled until her death, at age 81, in 1901.

Only child of Prince Edward Augustus Duke of Kent (1767–1820) & Princess Victoria (Marie Luise Viktoria) (1786–1861) of Saxe-Coburg & wife of  Prince Albert of Saxe Coburg and Gotha (1819-1861). Queen Victoria (1819-1901) by Franz Xaver Winterhalter in 1845.:

“Queen Victoria” by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1845.

When Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor was born on April 21, 1926 she was not expected to become monarch. She was the first child of Prince Albert and his wife, Elizabeth. Her father, the Duke of York, was second in line to the throne. It was expected that Prince Edward, Albert’s older brother, would marry and have children. However, King Edward VIII abdicated the throne in 1936 so that he could be with the woman he loved, divorcée Wallis Simpson.

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor was never expected to be a monarch. Born April 21, 1926, the first child of Prince Albert and his wife, Elizabeth. Her father, the Duke of York, was “spare” to George V’s heir, Prince Edward, which made Princess Elizabeth third in line to the throne. But when King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936, Albert ascended as George VI, and she became the heiress presumptive. 16 years later at age 25 upon the death of her father, she became head of the commonwealth.:

Princess Elizabeth was ten years of age when her father, Prince Albert, ascended to the throne as George VI.

Princess Elizabeth then became the heiress presumptive.

The Royal Family, after King George VI 's Coronation. Shows King George VI with the Queen Mother, and Queen Elizabeth (then H. R. H. The Princess Elizabeth):

Princess Elizabeth was schooled at home along with her sister, Princess Margaret. She was exposed to art and music, learned to ride and is fluent in French. She was an excellent swimmer and became a Girl Guide (Girl Scout) at the age of eleven. After her father became king she began to study constitutional history and law in preparation for her future role as queen. As future head of the Church of England she also received instruction in religion by the Archbishop of Canterbury.

patterns queen elizabeth ii

During World War II, the princess joined the Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service at the rank of second subaltern, and did her wartime duty as a driver and mechanic.

These 60 Interesting Historical photos - This is Queen Elizabeth during her military service:

Upon the death of her father in 1952, at the age of twenty five, she became head of the commonwealth. Here the Queen is shown wearing St Edward's Crown which was created in 1661. It is traditionally placed on head of the monarch at the end of the coronation ceremony. Also shown are the Greville Chandelier Earrings and City of London Fringe Necklace.

For her official coronation portrait, taken by Sir Cecil Beaton, the Queen wore the Imperial Crown which features some of the most famous stones in the world. They include the Black Prince's Ruby, the Second Star of Africa diamond and the pearls suspended along the arches are thought to have come from a pair of earrings that once belonged to Queen Elizabeth I. 

During her 63 year reign the Queen has worked with 12 British Prime Ministers.The first was Sir Winston Churchill.

Winston Churchill and his daughter, Mary Spencer Churchill, in London, c. 1943:

Winston Churchill and his daughter, Mary Spencer Churchill, in London, c. 1943. 

The United States has had a total of twelve presidents during the Queens reign. When she began Harry S. Truman was president. Lyndon B. Johnson was the only President not to meet with the Queen.

Through it all she has maintained an almost 68 year marriage. The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh were married on November 20, 1947. The Queen first met Prince Philip in 1934. At a later meeting, when she was just thirteen, she has said that she fell head over heels in love with him.

Princess Elizabeth, 21, and Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, 26, in their 1947 engagement photo.:

Prince Philip has accompanied the Queen on every single one of her Commonwealth tours and state visits. During the coronation tour of the commonwealth from November 1953 to May 1954 they traveled a whopping total of 43,618 miles.

Queen Elizabeth and Prince Phillip at the horse races (1968).This looks a lot like the Hummer's built today!:

Their relationship still seems to not have lost its sparkle. Here the Queen is seen giggling at Prince Philip bedecked in full regalia of the 25th Colonel Grenadier Guards, in Guard Of Honour Order during a Trooping The Colour.

Elizabeth was always suspicious about her great granddaughter. And why she never wore the device. She frowned as she realized a funeral is mentally being planned. Later in the story. I must be queen! I've always been queen and I can't let that go!:

In addition to ruling the commonweath she has had four children all at home. Here she is seen in bed after the birth of Prince Edward in 1964 surrounded by her other children, Prince Charles of Wales, 15, Prince Andrew, 4, and Princess Anne, Princess Royal, 13.

Loving scene: The Queen in bed after the birth of Prince Edward in 1964 surrounded by her other children, Prince Charles of Wales, 15, Prince Andrew, 4, and Princess Anne, Princess Royal, 13.:

It could not have been easy to leave her children behind as she was so often expected to do.

The Queen with Prince Charles and Princess Anne chuckling ~ 1954 ~ what a cute photo..:

Queen Elizabeth is said to have a wonderful sense of humor and is well known for her kindness to animals.

She is most often shown with her Pembroke Welsh Corgis.

Royal affection: The Queen with her Corgis at Windsor in 1973. The royal household also has Labradors and Spaniels

But she also raises labradors and of course dachshunds.

image


 I shall close with some of my favorite official images of the Queen.  Here she is shown wearing the Diamond Diadem, originally created in 1821 for King George IV. Her necklace is known as the Nizam of Hyderabad. The earrings are her Bahrain Pearl Drops.

This crown is a favorite of the Queen's. It  features roses, thistles and shamrocks – the symbols of England, Scotland and Ireland.

The Queen....this looks like the picture that hung in all our schools when I was a kid back in the 50's.:

I love this photo of the Queen wearing Queen Mary’s Vladimir tiara, Delhi Durbar earrings, the Cullinan V pendant necklace and one of Queen Victoria’s bow brooches on her sash.

Queen Elizabeth II      I believe it is Queen Mary’s Vladimir Tiara (which can be worn with pendant emeralds), but someone please correct me if I’m wrong!:

Here the Queen is wearing the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland tiara, Queen Victoria's pearl earrings (given to her by Prince Albert on the occasion of their weddings) and at the lower end of the sash the Order of the Garter.

A portrait of the queen wearing the girls of great britain and ireland tiara:

Congratulations to Queen Elizabeth!

(Wearing Queen Mary’s button earrings and Williamson Diamond Brooch.)

The Queen, in a natural laugh:

Long live the Queen!

Tomorrow Storybook Cottage will be featured on the blog bedecked in all its fall finery.

Laura

15 comments :

Jane said...

What a wonderful tribute to Queen Elizabeth! I remember we actually got out of school so we could watch her coronation at home on television! That was a LONG time ago - ha! The reason I remember it so well is that my father had resisted buying a tv but when he heard we were the only kids in our school who had to go to someone else's house to watch the coronation he finally broke down and bought a set. Before that he had always said he'd wait until they got it in color - thinking THAT would never happen! He still joked about our being the only kids without a tv well into his nineties. Fun memories!

GSGreatEscaper said...

Laura, this is a beautiful photo essay, better than all the 'professional' ones that will be popping up in the next couple of days. The pic of her in front of the window with a book is one that I've never seen before. Well done to you, and to her - still working at 89! I hear she writes in her diary every night - I won't live long enough to read it, but I envy future historians who will.

Kelley Dibble said...

I ADORE these ROYAL posts, Laura. They're re-reads x 18, indeed!

*hugs*
Kelley~
Letters Unfolded

P.S. Hearty and hardy congratulations to Britain's longest-reigning queen!

ellen b. said...

Long live the Queen! I wonder if they'll shoot off the cannons for her on Wednesday. Thanks for putting this lovely post together.
http://happywonderer.com/

Linda @ Life and Linda said...

Such an interesting post. Love seeing the fabulous photos. Many of these I have not seen, so I do appreciate reading this post.

Lisa said...

Such an interesting post, Laura! I watched a program on PBS last night about the queen and found it so fascinating. What an interesting life she has led. And what a stunning beauty she was back in the day!

marty (A Stroll Thru Life) said...

Great post, I love all the trivia you always share, so interesting. Can't wait to see your tour tomorrow.

Janet Garon said...

So interesting, Laura! I can't imagine being born into that and really having no say of your life.

Hena Tayeb said...

such an interesting post.. i loved looking at all the old pictures.

Cynthia said...

What a fascinating life she has led! Thanks for posting. Great pictures too! And look at that beautiful jewelry!

martinealison said...

Bonjour chère amie,

Une très intéressante publication qui complète magnifiquement bien ce que je connaissais de la vie de la reine Elisabeth. Un petit billet agrémenté de merveilleuses photos.

Gros bisous ♡

martinealison said...

Bonjour chère amie,

Une très intéressante publication qui complète magnifiquement bien ce que je connaissais de la vie de la reine Elisabeth. Un petit billet agrémenté de merveilleuses photos.

Gros bisous ♡

Lorrie said...

A beautiful photo essay. I can just imagine the time it took you to put this together - thank you!

Magali@TheLittleWhiteHouse said...

There are pictures in your post I had never seen before!

Denise said...

I loved this post, Laura!! These are great pictures, and I learned some new things. I knew the Queen loved her Welsh Corgis, but I didn't know she also has labs and dachshunds. How neat! :) She has certainly led quite an amazing life. Long live the Queen!

Hugs,

Denise at Forest Manor