The Arts and Crafts movement began in the late 19th century. It was brought about by the thoughts of John Ruskin and William Crane who supported social reform. They believed that good design was linked to a good society.
Their thinking influenced designer William Morris. An exterior photo of his home The Red House, was shown in last Monday’s post. Below are a few photo’s of homes interior.
Everything in the home was handcrafted. A beautiful wooden settle (bench) sits in the main hall. Lovely artwork is painted across the top by Edward Burne~ Jones. Burne~Jones also helped Morris in the creation of several stained glass pieces throughout the home.
The flooring was red tile and Morris favored built in cupboards in every room. Morris believed that the hearth is truly the heart of the home and that is why you often find fireplaces in almost every room of an Arts & Crafts styled home.
Even the original lighting exists. It was never updated and provides a lovely warm glow throughout the home.
The kitchen was lovely in its simplicity. To the rear left was a small sun room where the household staff would take their meals.
On of my favorite rooms was that of maiden Aunt Julia. Her room was awash in natural light and attached to a sleeping porch.
While much of the furniture in the Gamble home was crafted by the Hall brothers, other pieces were purchased from Gustav Stickley. Stickley made furniture of native oak that featured exposed joinery and clean lines. It came to be known as Mission Styled Furniture. Stickley also published The Craftsman, a monthly periodical which covered elements of the English and American Arts and Crafts movement. Stickley furniture is still made today and antique pieces such as the Morris chair below can run several thousand dollars.
Also in the Gamble home were several Tiffany lamps. Louis Comfort Tiffany came from the famous silver making family. While traveling to Europe he became friends with Emile Galle. Upon his return to the states he turned his focus to creating his now famous handmade stained glass lamps. His father, Charles Lewis Tiffany of course continued making silver. Tiffany lamps became synonymous with Arts & Crafts style. I absolutely love his blue dragonfly lamp.