Georgian interior, Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, Scotland
Most of the architecture and furniture designs of this time can be traced back to Robert Adam, a Scottish architect, furniture and interior designer. He is largely accredited as being the first to integrate an entire rooms motif. In his designs, everything from the rug to the ceilings, to the furniture would match in style.
A diagram of details for Derby House in Grosvenor Square in London by Robert Adam.
Federal style is about symmetry and balance. Oval and circular rooms were popular.
Pastel colors such as soft greens, yellows and blues were favored, as well as deep sapphire and crimson. Upholstery and drapes were generally made of silk and the damask pattern was quite popular.
Ornamental motifs such as festoons, swags and urns decorated walls, ceilings, doorways and mantles.
Above interior images
Big names in furniture design were George Hepplewhite, Thomas Sheraton and Duncan Phyfe.
Hepplewhite and Sheraton were English designers. It is believed that neither have pieces of furniture in existence that were attributed to them, but both had pattern books of their designs published. Furniture and cabinet makers were then able to recreate their furniture and eventually spread their designs from England to America and beyond.
This chair is attributed to Samuel McIntire, a notable American architect and craftsman. The vase backed chair is a Hepplewhite design, as seen in the drawing above.
A square backed chair also attributed to McIntire. It is based on a Sheraton design.
This sofa is attributed to Duncan Phyfe, who was born in Scotland, but immigrated to the United States when he was 16 years old. While his early work was influenced by the designs of Thomas Sheraton, the pieces he became famous for were of the French Directoire style and later, the Empire style.
Several pieces of Duncan Phyfe furniture are on display in the Green Room of the White House, which is decorated in a modern day Federal style.
The most famous of all Federal styled oval rooms would of course be the Oval Office of the White House. Each president is allowed to decorate to his (or in the future, her) taste in a Federal style.
Federal style is timeless design at its best.